In Sunday’s Democraticdebate, Joe Biden committed to naming a woman as his vice president and a black woman as his Supreme Court nominee. If you are male, your application is not welcome for either job. If you are a white, Asian, or Hispanic woman, do not apply for the Supreme Court job. Your application will be tossed into the trash solely because of the gender or race you happen to have been born into. Title VII of the federalCivil Rights Actof 1964 prohibits American companies from discriminating on these grounds. Technically, it does not apply to a presidential candidate’s choice of a running mate or nominee. Thus, Biden is free to engage in this discriminatory conduct, for which most U.S. companies would be subject to a legal suit in federal court. His actions, however, certainly violate the intent of the Civil Rights Act.
The Act was passed primarily to protect minorities and women from discrimination. But the Act itself is color- and gender-blind. It seeks to protect all from discrimination based upon “race, color, religion, sex or national origin.” One never knows which group could come into disfavor and need protection. In recent history at various times we have seen glaring discrimination against women, Blacks, Jews, and Asians. More recently we saw discrimination against Muslims in the aftermath of 9/11. Since anyone could face discrimination in the future, the Act applies to all.
In light of the coronavirus pandemic, Biden may be wise to weight experience with and knowledge of pandemics over one’s gender.
It is true that affirmative action, whereby special consideration is given to groups that have historically suffered from discrimination, has been permitted by the courts in limited circumstances. But permissible affirmative action has been limited primarily to outreach efforts, or, in limited cases, as a “plus” factor where the employer has a history of prior discrimination. Policies that say “men need not apply” have never been an approved form of affirmative action.
The vice president of the United States is next in line to be president. If Biden wins, he will be 78 to 82 years old during his presidency. Upon his inauguration, he would immediately become the oldest president to serve at any time in office. Considering the exigent circumstances of today, this is no time to exclude half of the population from being considered for the second most important, and potentiallythemost important, job in the world. In light of thecoronaviruspandemic, Biden may be wise to weight experience with and knowledge of pandemics over one’s gender. (On his campaign website, Biden himself highlights 24 “plans” to deal with America’s biggest problems, from immigration to climate change to health care to opioids and criminal justice. He had no plan for pandemics.)
The U.S. Supreme Court, meanwhile, serves the vital role of impartial arbiter of truth and justice, interpreting the Constitution and federal law and deciding disputes between the executive and legislative branches. While in law school, I had the honor of attending a speech given by then–Supreme Court Chief Justice William Rehnquist. During the Q&A after the speech, I asked him whether or not he thought it was important for there to always be at least one minority and one woman on the bench (at the time there was one of each: Justice Sandra Day O’Connor and Justice Thurgood Marshall). His answer was simple and direct: “No.” After a long pause he explained, in essence, “Justice is blind. A justice’s job is to interpret the law. One’s gender or race is irrelevant to that task.” Joe Biden has a Juris Doctor degree (though he finished 76th in a class of just 85). He should understand this. Yet he has implemented a rule barring all men and non-black women from being considered for the Supreme Court.
Unfortunately, Biden’s nakedlypolitical gesturesare not illegal. The only remedy for men, non-black women, and people concerned about the civil rights of all is at the ballot box.