Unemployment has remained elevated amid the coronavirus pandemic, for the fifth week in a row dwarfing the worst week of job losses seen during the Great Recession.
US weekly jobless claims were 4.4 million for the week ending April 18, the Labor Department said in a Thursday report. The consensusestimate was 4.5 million, according to Bloomberg data.
Thursday’s report came in lower than the5.2 million Americanswho filed for unemployment insurance in the previous week, showing a continuing downward trend in jobless claims. Still, the past week’s unemployment filings are still almost six times higher than the 665,000 who filed for unemployment in March 2009, the worst week of job losses during the Great Recession.
“It’s crushing, it’s devastating for the economy,” Jason Thomas, chief economist at AssetMark, told Business Insider.
Andy Kiersz / Business Insider
While losses are still steep, there is a silver lining in today’s report — it is the third week in a row that jobless claims have declined, boosting hopes that unemployment is slowing.
“It’s both a sign of progress and it also speaks to the depth of this problem that it’s a sign of progress,” Martha Gimbel, an economist at Schmidt Futures, told Business Insider. It shows not only how fast, but how deep and wide the coronavirus outbreak has hit the US, she said.
As job losses due to the coronavirus pandemic have persisted, industries such as the arts, retail, and restaurants have been hit hard. But unemployment has even crept beyond the industries first hit by the economic shutdown — healthcare, thought to be a recession-proof industry, is also seeing job losses.
In last week’s report, states commented that losses were also recorded in waste management, warehousing, and education, as well as professional, scientific, and technical service industries.
“There’s no industry that looks like it’s totally unscathed by this,” Gimbel said.
There’s worry that after the initial wave of layoffs, job losses will move away from front lines and into the business services sector, said Ian Shepherd, chief economist at Pantheon Macroeconomics.
“The lack of precedent means we have no idea how far this will go, but our initial hope that claims would drop below 1 million per week by the end of May is now touch-and-go,” he said.
More relief is likely needed to keep the economy afloat
Natasha Amott, the owner of Whisk, a retail store in downtown Brooklyn, had to furlough four of 12 employees the first week New York banned nonessential business and has furloughed two more since, she told Business Insider. She applied for a loan through the PPP on April 4, she said, one day after applications opened.
The loan would help her hire staff back as the economy reopens, she said. But, she didn’t get any money — funds ran out just as her bank finally told her she’d been approved.
“It was really disheartening,” Amott said. “It’s money to fund staff and to stay alive. It is the sense of security.”
Without a loan, Amott said she can make it through the end of May with the internet sales Whisk has been able to keep doing. Even though there’s more funding for the PPP in the works through an additional bill, Amott said she doesn’t feel confident she’ll receive any.
What’s coming next?
Going forward, economists will continue to monitor jobless claims and other indicators ahead of the April nonfarm payrolls report, which will be released in May. The report will show how many jobs the economy added or lost in the month, and will update the unemployment rate. Economists are expecting a large jump in unemployment —JPMorgan estimates that the rate could surge to 20% in April, nearing the all-time high of 24.9% seen during the Great Depression.
But the April report might not be the best representation of the full economic impact, especially if the Bureau of Labor Statistics seesdecreased participation, as it did in March. In addition, some of the data depends on how the survey is filled out — for example, in March, theBLS noted that the unemployment rate of 4.4%would’ve been one percentage point higher if people who said they were absent from work were classified as unemployed on temporary layoff.
That means that for the time being, weekly jobless claims may be the best snapshot of the economy, because of how quickly the data is released.
“I’m just keeping my fingers crossed that these numbers start coming down and then they start coming down fast,” Gimbel said.